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Acromegaly is a  rare disease with increased growth hormone secretion most often caused by pituitary adenoma. Not adequately treated acromegaly may lead to early death related to increased rates of acute cardiovascular events, sleep apnea, metabolic disorders and malignancies. Prevalence of malignancies in acromegaly is in the range of 4.5 to 25%, with some specifics in their pathogenesis, and their proportion as mortality cause is 9 to 50%. Overall and cancer-related mortality in acromegaly are associated with activity of the disease. There is a direct correlation between high levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 and the risk of malignancies. The most common types of cancer in patients with acromegaly are colorectal (1 to 20%) and thyroid cancer (7.8 to 11%). This review of literature describes the results of epidemiological studies on malignancies and some aspects of their pathogenesis in patients with acromegaly.

About the authors

I. D. Chikh

Moscow Regional Research and Clinical Institute (MONIKI); 61/2 Shchepkina ul., Moscow, 129110, Russian Federation

MD, Chief of Department of Therapeutic Endocrinology Russian Federation

I. V. Trigolosova

Moscow Regional Research and Clinical Institute (MONIKI); 61/2 Shchepkina ul., Moscow, 129110, Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
MD, PhD, Senior Research Fellow, Department of Therapeutic Endocrinology Russian Federation

A. V. Dreval'

Moscow Regional Research and Clinical Institute (MONIKI); 61/2 Shchepkina ul., Moscow, 129110, Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Professor, Head of Department of Therapeutic Endocrinology; Chief of Chair of Endocrinology, Postgraduate Training Faculty Russian Federation

A. V. Trigolosov

N.N. Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center; 24 Kashirskoe shosse, Moscow, 115478, Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Senior Research Fellow, Department of Radiosurgery Russian Federation


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Copyright (c) 2017 Chikh I.D., Trigolosova I.V., Dreval' A.V., Trigolosov A.V.

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