REHABILITATION OF PATIENTS WITH APHASIA USING MODIFIED RESTORATION METHODS

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Abstract

Backgroud: There is a high prevalence of vascular diseases of the brain in adult population. One of the most severe complications of the cerebral vascular diseases is an aphasia leading to patient’s disability. An extremely severe and unreversible condition for further rehabilitation is noted in a group of patients which develops an impressive speech impairment as a dominant disturbance associated with aphasia. Aim: To identify the most effective rehabilitation method for patients with complications of cerebral circulation disturbances manifesting as speech impairment in a form of aphasia. Materials and methods: Theoretical aspect of rehabilitation in post-stroke aphasia patients with a dominant impressive speech impairment was studied. All patients underwent neurologic examination, dynamic logopedic observation, and magnetic resonance imaging. The patients of the chosen group underwent rehabilitation with a modified modality of speech restoration. Results: Introduction of the modified rehabilitation methods into the logopedics practice proved their high efficiency. Significant improvement was seen in 64% of patients with acoustic-amnestic aphasia, in 57% of patients with acoustic-gnostic aphasia, and in 60% of those with semantic aphasia. Conclusion: A key moment for achievement of the high rehabilitation outcome is a complex approach needed for rehabilitation of patients with the consequences of the acute impairments of cerebral circulation.

About the authors

M. M. Shcherbakova

Moscow Regional Research and Clinical Institute (MONIKI)

Author for correspondence.
Email: mmsch@mail.ru
first category logopedist, MONIKI Russian Federation

S. V. Kotov

Moscow Regional Research and Clinical Institute (MONIKI)

Email: fake@neicon.ru
MD, PhD, Professor, Head of the Department of Neurology, MONIKI Russian Federation

References

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Copyright (c) 2016 Shcherbakova M.M., Kotov S.V.

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