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Альманах клинической медицины

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Что мы знаем и чего не знаем о заболеваниях почек у женщин; вопросы без ответов и ответы на незаданные вопросы: размышления по поводу Всемирного дня почки и Международного женского дня

https://doi.org/10.18786/2072-0505-2018-46-1-2-15

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Аннотация

Около 10% взрослого населения планеты страдает хронической болезнью почек, которая входит в список 20 основных причин смерти во всем мире и ведет к пагубным последствиям как для самих пациентов, так и для членов их семей. Всемирный день почки в 2018 совпадает с Международным женским днем, что дает повод задуматься об особой важности состояния здоровья женщин и в особенности о «почечном здоровье» для ныне живущей популяции и будущих поколений. Нам представляется уникальная возможность не только как можно больше узнать об особенностях заболеваний почек у женщин, но и шире использовать полученные знания. Женщины, девушки и девочки в целом составляют примерно 50% населения мира. Очевиден их огромный вклад в  жизнь общества, не говоря уже о  важнейшей роли в семейной жизни. Вместе с тем гендерные различия в доступе к образованию, медицинской помощи и участию в клинических исследованиях все еще существуют практически повсеместно. Беременность, создающая особую нагрузку на организм женщины и нередко оказывающаяся поводом для выявления уже существующих заболеваний почек, может также приводить к манифестации острых и хронических почечных заболеваний, которые, в свою очередь, могут сказываться на потомстве, в том числе и на состоянии почек. Многие аутоиммунные и другие заболевания чаще развиваются у женщин,  чем у мужчин, и неблагоприятно сказываются на способности к  деторождению и  на состоянии плода. Осложнения диализа у  женщин отличаются от осложнений у мужчин, и кроме того, женщины с большей вероятностью оказываются донорами, нежели чем реципиентами почечного трансплантата. В этой обзорной статье мы сконцентрировали внимание на том, что мы знаем и чего мы не знаем о «почечном здоровье» и заболеваниях почек у женщин, и на том, что мы можем и должны узнать в будущем для улучшения исходов заболеваний почек во всем мире.

Авторы выступают от имени Организационного комитета Всемирного дня почки.

Члены Организационного комитета Всемирного дня почки: Кам Тао Ли Ф., Гарсиа-Гарсиа Г., Венджамен-Гариби М., Калантар-Заде К., Кернан Ч., Кумарасвами Л., Пикколи Д.Б., Саади Г., Фокс Л., Захарова Е.В., Андреоли Ш.

Об авторах

Д. Б. Пикколи
Туринский университет; Госпитальный центр Ле-Ман
Италия

Пикколи Джиорджина Барбара – профессор, отдел клинических и биологических наук ТурУ; врач-невролог, отделение неврологии ГЦ Ле-Ман.

101248, Турин, Виа Верди, 8; 72037, Ле-Ман, Авеню Рубиллар, 194



М. Альрухами
Дубайский медицинский колледж
Объединенные Арабские Эмираты

Альрухами Мона – профессор, отдел медицины.

20170, Дубай, Аль Мухайсанах, Аль Мижар, 1



Ж.-Х. Лиу
Медицинская школа Нанкинского университета
Китай

Лиу Жи-Хонг – кандидат медицинских наук, профессор, директор Национального центра клинических исследований заболеваний почек, госпиталь Джинлинг.

210093, провинция Жиангсу, Нанкин, район Гулоу, Ханку Роад, 22



Е. В. Захарова
ГБУЗ Москвы «Городская клиническая больница им. С.П. Боткина» ДЗМ; ФГБОУ ВО «Московский государственный медико-стоматологический университет» Минздрава России; ФГБОУ ДПО «Российская медицинская академия непрерывного профессионального образования» Минздрава России
Россия

Захарова Елена Викторовна – кандидат медицинских наук, доцент, заведующая отделением нефрологии ГКБ им. С.П. Боткина; доцент кафедры нефрологии МГМСУ, РМАНПО.

125284, Москва, 2-й Боткинский проезд, 5; 127473, Москва, ул. Делегатская, 20/1; 123242, Москва, ул. Баррикадная, 2



А. Левин
Университет Британской Колумбии
Канада

Левин Адера – профессор, член Королевского колледжа терапевтов и хирургов Канады, руководитель отделения нефрологии, отдел медицины.

V6T 1Z4, Ванкувер, 2329 Вест Молл Ванкувер, Британская Колумбия



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Для цитирования:


Пикколи Д.Б., Альрухами М., Лиу Ж., Захарова Е.В., Левин А. Что мы знаем и чего не знаем о заболеваниях почек у женщин; вопросы без ответов и ответы на незаданные вопросы: размышления по поводу Всемирного дня почки и Международного женского дня. Альманах клинической медицины. 2018;46(1):2-15. https://doi.org/10.18786/2072-0505-2018-46-1-2-15

For citation:


Piccoli G.B., Alrukhaimi M., Liu Z., Zakharova E.V., Levin A. What we do and do not know about women and kidney diseases; questions unanswered and answers unquestioned: Reflection on World Kidney Day and International Woman’s Day. Almanac of Clinical Medicine. 2018;46(1):2-15. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.18786/2072-0505-2018-46-1-2-15

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